Dictionary of Vegan Fabrics

A

  • Acrylic
    A synthetic fabric.
  • Aertex
    A trademark brand for a loosely woven cotton fabric.
     

B

  • Bamboo
    A cloth, yarn, and clothing made out of bamboo fibers. Modern bamboo clothing is clothing made from either 100% bamboo yarn or a blend of bamboo and cotton yarn.
  • Batiste
    A lightweight, semi-sheer cotton fabric; used for heirloom sewing, lingerie, and blouses.
  • Broadcloth
    A dense, plain woven cloth, historically made of wool. Modern broadcloth is cotton or a cotton blend.
  • Buckram
    A stiff cloth, made of cotton or linen, used in bookbinding and to stiffen clothing.

C

  • Calico
    A plain-woven textile made from unbleached, and often not fully processed, cotton.
  • Cambric
    A finely woven white linen.
  • Canvas
    An extremely durable plain-woven fabric(used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents).
  • Chambray or Cambric
    A linen-finished (flax) gingham cloth with a white weft and a colored warp, used for linens, shirting’s, handkerchiefs and as fabric for lace and needlework.
  • Chenille
    A heavy fabric woven with chenille cord; used in rugs and bedspreads, commonly manufactured from cotton, but can also be made using acrylic, rayon and olefin.
  • Chino
    A twill fabric, originally made of 100% cotton and cotton-synthetic blends.
  • Chintz
    A brightly printed and glazed cotton fabric.
  • Cork
    A material that is made from the soft bark of a kind of oak tree.
  • Cord or Corduroy
    A textile composed of twisted fibers that, when woven, form the cloth's distinct pattern, a "cord"; usually made of cotton.
  • Cotton
    A soft white fibrous substance that surrounds the seeds of a tropical and subtropical plant and is used as textile fiber and thread for sewing.
  • Cretonne
    A heavy cotton fabric, typically with a floral pattern printed on one or both sides, used for upholstery.


D

  • Denim, Dungaree, Jean
    A coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric.
  • Dimity
    Ahard-wearing, sheer cotton fabric woven with raised stripes or checks.
  • Duck
    A heavy, plain woven cotton fabric; used for clothing and tents.
     

E

  • Elastane
    A synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. It is a polyester-polyurethane copolymer that is stronger and more durable than natural rubber.
  • Elastic
    A flexible stretchable fabric made with interwoven strands of rubber or an imitative synthetic fiber.
  • Etamine, Etamin
    A light cotton or worsted fabric with an open mesh; used for curtains or clothing etc.
     

F

  • Flannelette
    A light cotton fabric imitating flannel.
  • Fleece
    Fleece is a synthetic material made from polyester. The raw materials for polyester are made from two petroleum products: terephthalic acid and ethylene glycol. However, polyester can also be made from recycled plastic such as PET soda bottles.
  • Fustian
    A strong cotton and linen fabric with a short nap, usually dyed in dark colors.
     

G

  • Gingham
    A lightweight plain-woven cotton cloth, typically checked in white and a bold color.
     

H

  • Hemp
    The tough, coarse fiber of the cannabis plant, used to make cordage, yarn, and fabric.
     

K

  • Kapok
    From the Kapok tree used as a down replacement
  • Khaki
    A sturdy twilled cloth of a yellowish brown color used especially for military uniforms, usually made from cotton and linen.
     

L

  • Lame
    A fabric interwoven with threads of metal.
  • Leatherette, imitation Leather
    Imitation leather made from paper, cloth, etc.
  • Linen
    A textile made from the fibers of the flax plant, Linum usitatissimum; is very absorbent and garments made of linen are valued for their exceptional coolness and freshness in hot weather.
  • Lyocell
    See Tencel®.
  • Lint
    A cotton or linen fabric with the nap raised on one side; used to dress wounds.

M

  • Madras
    A lightweight cotton fabric with typically patterned texture and plaid design, used primarily for summer clothing such as pants, shorts, dresses, and jackets.
  • Marseille
    A strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedspreads.
  • Microfiber
    A very fine synthetic yarn.
  • Modal
    A type of rayon, a semi-synthetic cellulose fiber made by spinning reconstituted cellulose, in this case often from beech trees. Modal is used alone or with other fibers (often cotton or spandex) in household items.
  • Moleskin
    A durable cotton fabric with a velvety nap.
  • Monk’s cloth
    A heavy cloth in basket weave, made from cotton
  • Moquette
    A thick velvety synthetic fabric used for carpets and soft upholstery.
  • Muslin
    A cotton fabric of plain weave.
     

N

  • Nankeen
    A yellowish cotton cloth.
  • Nylon
    A synthetic fabric.
     

O

  • Oilcloth
    A cloth treated on one side with a drying oil or synthetic resin.
  • Organdie, organdy
  • A sheer stiff muslin.
  • Orlon
    A brand of synthetic, acrylic textile fiber of lightweight, wrinkle resistance, and resistance to weathering and many chemicals.
     

P

  • Percale
    A fine, closely woven cotton fabric; typically used for bed covers
  • PET, PETE
    The most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibers for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, and manufacturing.
  • Pilot cloth
    A heavy twilled woolen over coating with a thick nap used especially for seamen's blue uniforms.
  • Pique
    A weaving style, normally used with cotton yarn, which is characterized by raised parallel cords or fine ribbing.
  • Polar Fleece, Polar Wool, Vega Wool
    A soft napped insulating fabric made from a type of polyester called polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or other synthetic fibers. 
  • Polyester
    A large class of synthetic fabrics.
  • Poplin
    A plain-woven fabric, typically a lightweight cotton, with a corded surface.
  • Prima Loft
    A brand of patented synthetic microfiber thermal insulation material developed for the United States Army in the 1980s.
     

R

  • Rayon
    A synthetic fiber made from purified cellulose, primarily from chemically treated wood pulp.
     

S

  • Sailcloth
    Any of various fabrics, as of cotton, nylon, or Dacron, for boat sails or tents.
  • Sateen
    A cotton fabric with a satiny finish.
  • Screening
    A fabric of metal or plastic mesh.
  • Scrim
    A woven material, one a finely woven lightweight fabric widely used in theatre, the other a heavy, coarse woven material used for reinforcement in both building and canvas making.
  • Seersucker
    A light fabric of linen, cotton, or rayon usually striped and slightly puckered, used to make clothing for spring and summer wear.
  • Silesie
    A sturdy twill-weave cotton fabric; used for pockets and linings.
  • Sisal
    The sisal fiber is traditionally used for rope and twine, and has many other uses, including paper, cloth, footwear, hats, bags, carpets, and dartboards.
  • Spandex
    A synthetic fiber or fabric made from a polymer containing polyurethane, used in the manufacture of elastic clothing.
     

T

  • Tapa, Tappa
    A paper like cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark.
  • Tencel®
    Made from the natural cellulose found in wood pulp. The fiber is economical in its use of energy and natural resources, and is fully biodegradable. Process and Products. TENCEL® is made from cellulose in wood pulp, which is harvested from tree-farmed trees. For TENCEL® the range of applications is versatile. The fiber finds its use from mattresses and bedlinen in home textiles over sportswear up to hygiene products like baby wipes or diapers.
  • Thinsulate
    A brand of synthetic fiber thermal insulation used in clothing. The word is a portmanteau of thin and insulate.
  • Toweling
    Any of various fabrics (linen or cotton) used to make towels.
     

U

  • Ultrasuede
    A synthetic microfiber fabric used to substitute suede leather; used in fashion, interior decorating, automotive and other vehicle upholstery, and industrial applications.
     

V

  • Velcro
    A nylon fabric used as a fastening.
  • Velour
    A plush, knitted fabric or textile made from cotton or polyester.
  • Velveteen
    A cotton fabric with a pile resembling velvet.
  • Viscose, viscose rayon
    A rayon fabric made from viscose (cellulose xanthate) fiber, commonly used in dresses, linings, shirts, shorts, coats, jackets, and other outerwear; it is also used in industrial yarns (tyre cord), upholstery and carpets. 
  • Voile
    A soft, sheer fabric, usually made of 100% cotton or cotton blends including linen or polyester.
  • Vulcanized Fiber
    A laminated plastic composed of only cellulose. The material is a tough, resilient, hornlike that is lighter than aluminum, tougher than leather, and stiffer than most thermoplastics.
     

W

  • Wire cloth
    A fabric woven of metallic wire used for window screens and strainers.